Fitness and Nutrition
Weight management and exercise forms the basis for a great deal of nutrition in health, ﬁtness, and disease prevention. Frustration with dieting and stress often lead to Eating Disorders, which are increasing in frequency and require attention and understanding from the nutrition professional.
Overweight occurs as a result of an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity. Obesity is a complex issue related to lifestyle, environment, and genes. Environmental and genetic factors have a complex interaction with psychologic, cultural and physiologic inﬂuences. Over the years, many hypotheses have evolved to explain why some people become fat and others remain lean, and why it is so difﬁcult for reduced-obese persons to maintain weight loss.
Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle, compounded by chronic overeating, are also causes of weight gain. The sedentary nature of society is a factor in the growing problem of obesity. Fewer people are exercising, and more time is being spent in low-energy, screen-watching activities such as watching television or movies, using a computer or smartphone, playing video games, and sitting in cars driving to work or events.
A simple dietary change to an anti-inﬂammatory diet and lifestyle changes can alter obesity-related inﬂammation.